The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
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1313
In Brief: Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
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Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by a factor of 5. A randomized controlled trial (ACTIVE W) in 6706 patients with atrial fibrillation and one or more additional risk factors (≥75 years old; hypertension; previous stroke, transient ischemic attack or non- CNS embolus; left ventricular ejection fraction <45%; peripheral vascular disease; or 55-74 years old plus diabetes or coronary artery disease) found that a vitamin K antagonist such as warfarin (Coumadin, and others) was superior to clopidogrel (Plavix) plus aspirin in preventing vascular events, especially ischemic stroke.1

Now another study (ACTIVE A) from the same group of investigators has compared addition of clopidogrel to aspirin with aspirin alone in 7554 patients with atrial fibrillation and one or more additional risk factors for stroke. All of these patients were considered “unsuitable” for treatment with a vitamin ... more      

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Title: In Brief: Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
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