The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
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1485
In Brief: New Indications for Harvoni
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 Select a term to see related articles  Harvoni   Hepatitis C   HIV   ledipasvir   peginterferon   Ribavirin   sofosbuvir 

Harvoni, a once-daily fixed-dose combination of the direct-acting antiviral agents ledipasvir and sofosbuvir approved by the FDA in 2014 for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection,1 has now been approved for use in patients infected with HCV genotype 4, 5, or 6, and in patients co-infected with HCV and HIV-1. A 12-week course of treatment with Harvoni plus ribavirin has also been approved as an alternative to 24 weeks of Harvoni alone for treatment-experienced, cirrhotic patients with HCV genotype 1 infection.

HCV genotypes 4, 5, and 6 are responsible for <2% of HCV cases in the US and Canada. They are more prevalent in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central sub-Saharan Africa (genotype 4), Southern sub-Saharan Africa (genotype 5), and Southeast Asia (genotype 6).2

In two open-label trials (both summarized in the package insert), 44 patients infected with HCV genotype 4, 41 patients with genotype 5, and 25 patients with genotype 6 received 12 weeks of treatment with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir.3 The rates of sustained virologic response 12 weeks after stopping treatment (SVR12) were 93%, 93%, and 96% in patients infected with HCV genotypes 4, 5, and 6, respectively.

In a single-arm trial (ION-4), 335 patients co-infected with HIV-1 and HCV genotype 1 (98%) or 4 (2%) received 12 weeks of treatment with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir. An SVR12 was achieved in 322 patients (96%), including 94% of 67 cirrhotic patients and 97% of 185 treatment-experienced patients.4

In a randomized, double-blind trial (SIRIUS), 154 treatment-experienced patients with HCV genotype 1 infection and cirrhosis who had not responded to peginterferon plus ribavirin with and without a protease inhibitor received either ledipasvir/sofosbuvir plus ribavirin 1000-1200 mg daily for 12 weeks or ledipasvir/sofosbuvir without ribavirin for 24 weeks. An SVR12 was achieved in 74 of 77 patients (96%) in the 12-week arm and in 75 of 77 patients (97%) in the 24-week arm.5

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