The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
In Brief: Fluoroquinolones and Tendon Injuries
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The FDA has added a boxed warning to fluoroquinolone package inserts about tendon injuries that may occur as a result of their use. Tendinitis or tendon rupture may occur rarely with systemic use of any fluoroquinolone, either while the drug is being taken or for up to several months afterwards.

Fluoroquinolone-related tendon injury is rare; estimates for its incidence in the general population range from 0.14% to 0.4%. The risk is higher for patients >60 years old and for those taking corticosteroids. For patients with organ transplants, the incidence may be as high as 15%.1 A case-control study in Italy involving 22,194 cases of non-traumatic tendinitis and 104,906 controls found that fluoroquinolone use was significantly associated with tendon disorders in general (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.4-2.0), tendon rupture (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.0-1.8), and Achilles tendon rupture (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.8-9.6). Achilles tendon ... more      

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